Fast Facts

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometres (85 mi) north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait to its south.


Land Area
A main island with over 60 surrounding islets; it has a total land area of 716.1 sq km. 

Founding Year
Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles.

Ruling Political Party
The People’s Action Party.

5.3992 million, 3.8448 million of which are Singapore residents.

Busiest Port in the World
With approximately 200 shipping lines connecting to about 600 ports, Singapore is the busiest port in the world in terms of containers handled.

Main religions are Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism

Four official languages: English, Mandarin, Malay and Tamil. Widely spoken and understood, English is the working language for business and administration.

Resident Population Make-Up: 74.2% Chinese, 13.3% Malays, 9.1% Indians, 3.3% Eurasians and people of other descent.

Population Growth Rate:1.6%
Median Age: 38.9

Life Expectancy (Years):
Average: 82.3
Male: 79.9
Female: 84.5

Sex Ratio: 968 males per 1000 females
Labour Force Participation Rate: 66.7% of population aged 15 and above
Unemployment Rate: 1.8%

Social and Economic Indicators
Private Car Ownership: 607,255 (includes private and company cars)

Housing: Some 81.9% of the population lives in Housing Development Board (HDB) public housing. The rest lives in private housing consisting of condominiums and various types of landed housing. There is a high level of home ownership of 90.5%.

Gross Domestic Product: S$370,064.5 million at current market prices

Tourist Indicators
Hotel Occupancy Rate (%):86.3
Number of Tourist Arrivals:15.466 million

Literacy and Education Rates
Literacy Rate* (%): 96.5
Secondary or Higher Qualifications** (%): 68.8
Mean Years of Schooling**: 10.5

* Based on the resident population aged 15 years and above
** Based on the resident population of non-students aged 25 years and above

Mobile and Broadband Subscriptions
Total Mobile Subscriptions (2G+3G+4G)* (’000): 8,420.7
Mobile Penetration: 156%
Total Broadband** (’000): 10,650.8

*Total Mobile Subscriptions" includes both 2G, 3G and 4G subscriptions (including both pre-paid and post-paid). Statistics for 3G and 4G subscriptions are collected from May 2005 and March 2013 respectively onwards.

** With effect from Apr 2007, "Total Broadband Subscriptions" (i.e. for connection speeds equal to, or greater than, 256 kbit/s, in one or both directions) includes retail xDSL, cable modems, leased line Internet, 3G, 3.5G/HSDPA, 4G/LTE, WiMAX or its equivalent and Wi-Fi hotspots access (including Wireless@SG subscriptions).